Although osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is not currently curable, there are many treatment options available that can help you reduce pain and maintain an active lifestyle. OA is usually managed with a combination of approaches, including medications, lifestyle changes, injections, and sometimes surgery. Click on the topics below to learn more.1
There are several lifestyle changes you can make that may help manage the pain associated with OA of the knee.
Medications that can help treat the pain of OA of the knee include:
There are 2 types of injections commonly used in the treatment of OA knee pain:
Surgery may also be an option in treating OA of the knee and is usually a last resort when other treatments are not working. A surgeon can remove loose bone and cartilage and reposition or smooth out bones. In addition, a surgeon can perform a total or partial knee replacement, in which all or some of a joint is replaced with an artificial one.2,7
If you suspect that you have OA of the knee, you will probably see your primary care doctor first. He or she may then refer you to a specialist. Specialists who have expertise in OA include:
References: 1. Parmet S, Lynm C, Glass RM. Osteoarthritis of the knee. JAMA. 2003;289:1068. 2. US Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health. Handout on Health: Osteoarthritis. NIH Publication No. 06-4617. July 2002, revised May 2006. 3. Rakel DP, Rindfleisch A. Inflammation: nutritional, botanical, and mind-body influences. South Med J. 2005;98:303-310. 4. Bruen J. Anti-inflammation diet for osteoarthritis. Livestrong website. http://www.livestrong.com/article/88583-antiinflammation-diet-osteoarthritis/. Accessed May 22, 2013. 5. US Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Managing Osteoarthritis Pain With Medicines. AHRQ Publication No. 11(12)-EHC076-A. January, 2012. 6. EUFLEXXA [package insert]. Parsippany, NJ: Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc; 2011. 7. WebMD website. Osteoarthritis of the knee (degenerative arthritis of the knee). http://www.webmd.com/osteoarthritis/guide/ostearthritis-of-the-knee-degenerative-arthritis-of-the-knee. Reviewed May 16, 2012. Accessed May 22, 2013. 8. McCrory P. What is sports and exercise medicine? Br J Sports Med. 2006;40:955-957.NEXT: What is EUFLEXXA?